By The World Bank IBRD-IDA
Helping Countries Navigate a Volatile Environment
Two billion people now live in countries where development outcomes are affected by fragility, conflict, and violence (FCV). Extreme poverty will increasingly be concentrated in these areas as the rest of the world makes progress, rising from 17% of the global total today to almost 50% by 2030 due to high population growth rates and weak economic development.
For the World Bank Group (WBG), addressing the FCV challenge is a strategic priority, critical to achieve its twin goals to end extreme poverty and promote shared prosperity. It is also important as the global community works towards implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals—in particular Goal 16 for peace, justice and strong institutions.
At the same time, the nature of conflict is changing. After a period of decline since the end of the Cold War, violent conflicts have increased rapidly since 2010. There are fewer large-scale conflicts, but global fragility risks are on the rise. Forced displacement is a crisis centered in developing countries; extremist activities threaten development progress, and citizen security is a growing concern, closely linked to rising inequality. Fragility is not confined to low-income countries, affecting middle-income countries as well. It transcends national borders, with sub-regional or sub-national dimensions.
The Challenge of Fragility, Conflict and Violence
- 2 billion people live in countries where development outcomes are affected by fragility, conflict, and violence.
- By 2030, the share of global poor living in fragile and conflict-affected situations is projected to reach 46 percent.
- Terrorism incidents have increased by 120 percent since 2012.
- Forced displacement is a development world crisis: 95% of refugees and internally displaced live in developing countries, originating from the same 10 conflicts since 1991.
Last Updated: Sep 21, 2016